domingo, 10 de junio de 2007

Ecology. Monsanto prepares the final disembarkation on the seeds in Latin America

Monsanto prepares the final disembarkation on the seeds in Latin America? During last the two months the Latin American press has been flooded of the news on the new offensive of Monsanto in several countries of Latin America, in which it seems to be an attempt to complete the invasion of transgénicos in all the continent and more to fold the resistance that arise to their attempts of control and domination of agriculture GRAIN This time, the axis on which it comes moving fast and agilely the multinational is in the elaboration in agreements with governments and some organizations of agriculturists who complacientemente have acceded to follow the time that the greater manufacturer of transgénicos of the world marks. As opposed to a future panorama that are more and more hostile for the transgénicos, with organizations farmers who denounce the very serious damages that 10 years of transgénicos have produced in the fields and the seeds farmers, and with informed consumers who reject them, the option of Monsanto seems to be to raise the bet to try to such continue the invasion with mechanisms that has used in the last decade. This way, the contamination of new territories with transgénicos, the modification of laws to taste and pleasure of the corporation, the pressure to receive exemptions and the imposition of the transgénicos through the completed facts will continue plotting a course that knows clearly accomplices and executors. Let us see a panorama of the different local scenes and the concrete facts that they have taken place in these last weeks. In Chile, 26 of March the last, Monsanto and the Ministry of Agriculture they announced that Monsanto has chosen to Chile to seed up to 20,000 hectares of soya transgénica for the production of seeds. Monsanto in addition indicates its intention to introduce in Chile transgénicos maize and raps. According to interview published in Mercury, the initiative has the total support of the Ministry of Agriculture (1). In this case the measurement implies to advance with the transgénica contamination in Chile, since in spite of projecting the culture for “production of seeds” it is solely clear that the transgénica soybean will end up contaminating cultures and foods in all the country. Much more it burdens is that the proposal takes ahead with the endorsement of the Ministry of Agriculture. In Venezuela president of Subcommission of Industry and Comercio, Jhonny Milano, after listening to the exhibition of the representative of Monsanto, whose central objective was to spread the benefits of the production of transgénicos headings, raised that the Commission of Economic Development of the National Assembly decided to initiate an evaluation of the viability of the application of those mechanisms, jointly with specialists in the biotechnological and agricultural area. It indicated that of the conclusions of this debate a reform partial of the Law of Seeds, Material for the Reproduction Animal and Insumos can or not be generated (approved in October of 2002, Official Newspaper 37,552), whose content leaves some emptinesses in this sense (2). This means clearly that Monsanto has managed by this route to open a door to modify the effective legislation and to manage therefore the authorization to cultivate transgénicos in Venezuela, thing until now prohibited. In Mexico the transnational the National Maíz American and Confederation of Agricultural Producers (CNPAM) signed an agreement by which Monsanto decides with Mexican farmers to approach them the biotechnology, besides to constitute a bottom that is used for “protecting the native varieties of Mexican maize” (3). By means of this Monsanto agreement it kills several birds of a shot since not only it obtains the complicity of an organization of agriculturists, but that it takes a step more in its project to impose the transgénico maize in Mexico (prohibited until today) and opens the possibility of acceding to hundreds of native varieties with the excuse of its “protection”.

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