sábado, 5 de mayo de 2007
Health: Not to contaminate
Not to contaminate: expert sustiticuión and efficiency of the World-wide Organization of the Health insist to promote national policies to use power plants that are not detrimental for the health A million and average one of people dies every year because of the contamination generated in homes from the solid propellant use such as firewood, dung, coal and rest of harvest. Experts of the World-wide Organization of the Health insist to the affected countries to promote national policies oriented to replace those power plants by which they are not detrimental for the health. An Argentine expert thinks that the axis of the proposals would have to happen, in the first place, by the use of systems of more efficient baking and heating. (3/5/07 - Agency CyTA-Institute Leloir. By Bruno Geller) - In the world more than three billion people - almost half of the total population, does not have access to modern sources of energy to cook and to give heating to the homes, according to reveals a report of the World-wide Organization of the Health (the WHO). The solid propellant use, such as the biomass (firewood, dung and rest of harvest) and the coal, to satisfy the basic necessities with those homes generate a contamination of the air in closed spaces that affect the health. The experts of the WHO indicate that the contamination that is accumulated in the closed spaces cause neumonía and chronic pulmonary diseases, like chronic bronchitis and cancer of lung. In agreement with a report of that organism, the deaths and complications of health caused by that type of contamination could be avoided, to a great extent, by means of cleaner and efficient the modern fuel use, like biogás, the ethanol and other biocombustibles. On the matter, the lawyer Mario Ogara, director of the Center of Energy of the INTI, maintains that the first measurement that would have to be considered with the intention of avoiding the contamination in homes and their consequences, is not the fuel substitution, but the more efficient and safe use of kitchens and heating engineers. “Although the substitution of fuels and therefore of the systems of baking and heating that traditionally are used - as much in rural means as in the peripheral urban centers would be one of the solutions to diminish the problems and complications of health derived from the environmental contamination in closed spaces, the most indicated would be to act in the first place on the systems in use at the present time that, generally, are constituted by precarious units of combustion, with bad or null combustion gas evacuation”, it maintains Ogara. “Designs and equipment proven and certificates Exist today, whose use does possible to diminish the injurious compound and gas discharge, reducing the risks for the health of the population. The axis of the proposals would have to happen then first through impelling the use of systems of more efficient baking and heating. In which it does to the traditional use on the part of the biomásicos fuel population, as firewood and rest of harvest, the specialist emphasizes: “Its use would have to be systematized and planned of communitarian way, from them use of remainders generated in the complexes the urban foresto-industrialists, prunings, the prunings of industrial plantations and the handling of forest plantations, among other alternatives. More efficient technologies According to the report, more than 1.5 million people die every year because of burns it of those fuels within the houses. “The prevention possibilities are enormous”, maintain Susanne Weber-Mosdorf, General Assistant director of the WHO of the area of Sustainable Development and Healthful Atmospheres and add: “Solutions Exist and is responsibility ours to foment the health and the well-being of the affected ones, that are in their majority women and children”.